Formerly International Journal of Basic and Applied Agricultural Research

A Review: Energy Analysis and Different Fodder Crop Production in India

Pantnagar Journal of Research, Volume - 21, Issue - 2 ( May-August 2023)

Published: 2023-10-03

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In a developing country like India, energy is a crucial element for agricultural productivity and economic growth. The amount of energy consumed and opinions of the GDP are closely related. Efficiency in administration and production on the dairy farm depends heavily on energy. The present review focuses on thorough analysis of the body of existing research and numerous reports by governmental and non-governmental organizations. On just 2.3% of the planet's surface area, India supports over 20% of the world's livestock population and nearly 17.5% of its human population. The population of people is growing at a rate of 1.6% annually, but the population of animals is growing at a rate of 0.66% annually. Both the human and animal populations are growing, and they are vying ferociously for the same land resources to produce food and fodder, respectively. Thus, only 4% of the nation's total cultivable area is used for growing farm fodder. Current shortages in the nation include 44% of concentrate feed ingredients, 10.5% of dry crop leftovers, and 35.6% of green fodder. It is exceedingly difficult to increase the amount of land that is used for fodder agriculture. The cropping system with fodder crops offers a potential solution to the fodder issue since it makes better use of the available resources.

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